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CONDITIONALS

Introducción

        Tratando de ayudar a los estudiantes a conocer un poco más sobre la grámatica de la lengua extranjera "Inglés", aquí les proporciono una información muy completa acerca de los diferentes tipos de "Condicionales" (Conditionals) así como una serie de actividades para lograr un mejor entendimiento de ellos.

Conditional Sentences

We use conditional sentences when we want to say that something is the consequence of, or depends on, something else, they can be divided into if clauses and result clauses:

EX. THE CONDITION       THE CONSEQUENCE

      If it rains,                 I will get wet.

The if clause can come first or second in a sentence.

 

EX. If it rains, I will get wet. (With comma)

I will get wet if it rains. (Without comma)

Area y Asignatura

Lengua Extranjera - Inglés

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Tarea

 

Analiza la siguiente información. 

 

Zero conditional.

We use zero conditional when we are talking about things that are generally

 true all the time and that are real. In this type of conditional, we use the present

simple in both clauses. If can be replaced whit when:

 

EX.   The dog runs away if we leave the door open.

      (NOTE: we can use the continuous form in a zero conditional: When I am running, I always get out of breath.)

 

First conditional.

 

We use it when are talking about something which may possibly happen in the

future. In this type of conditional sentence, we usually choose will for the

consequence clause, with the if clause in the present simple:

 

EX.    If I lose my job, I will emigrate.

 

(NOTE: we can use the continuous form in a zero conditional)

Second conditional.


We use it to talk about the consequence of impossible or unlikely events or situations in the present or future, or an unreal condition. They are hypothetical because they probably won't happen. The verb pattern is past simple in the if clause and would + infinitive in the consequence clause:

EX.    THE CONDITION         THE CONSEQUENCE
          If there was a war,        the stock marker would boom.

We often use the subjunctive form were in place of was in the if clause, especially in phrases giving advice:

EX.    If I were you, I wouldn't spend so much clothes.

*If we use was, it sounds a little bit more informal.


Third conditional.

We use it to talk about the consequence of impossible events or situations. They are impossible because they occurred in the past and therefore cannot be changed - except hypothetically. The construction pattern is past perfect in the if clause and would (would not) + have + past participle in the consequence clause:

EX.     THE CONDITION         THE CONSEQUENCE
          If I had run a lot              I would started coughing.
 
We can use other auxiliary verbs like could, might, etc. (instead of would) in the consequence clause:

EX.    If he hadn't known how to swim, he could have drowned.


The consequence of a third conditional if clause can occur in the present or the future too:

EX.    If she hadn't met him on vacation, she wouldn't be getting married to him later this year.
         If he had studied Mandarin a bit harder, he'd be able to speak it better.

 

Procesos

Una vez que hayas analizado la información que te proporciono, realiza 5 enunciados de cada condicional en la siguiente tabla. Recuerda que puedes invertir los enunciados.

ZERO CONDITIONAL

FIRST CONDITIONAL

SECOND CONDITIONAL

THIRD CONDITIONAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Evaluación

Underline the word or phrase that completes each present factual conditional sentence.

1.    Jewelry lasts a long time if you took / would take / take good care of it.

2.  Old cars would be / are / wouldn't be worth more if they're in good condition.

3.  You have to be responsible if you will get / get / got a pet.

Underline the word or phrase that completes each future factual conditional sentence.

1.     If you exercise every day, you'II lose / would lose / lost weight.

2.     If you get regular checkups with the dentist, you probably will have / won't have / wouldn't have a lot of dental problems.

3.     Everyone will have / have / would have a great time if they relax a little bit.

Underline the word or phrase that completes each present unreal conditional sentence.

1.     I wouldn't pay for the service if I thought / didn't think / wouldn't think it was worth it.

2.     Heather wouldn't trust Nathan if they aren't / weren't / wouldn't be such good friends.

3.     If the product cost / would cost / costs less, more people would buy it.

Complete the conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs. Use the

 If you don't look hard enough, you   won't find        (not / find) it.

1.  There are always people at the park if the weather______________ (be) nice.

2.  It's good to follow the directions if you_______________ (not / want) to get lost.

3.  If l were you, I______________ (not / do) it.

4.    They wouldn't try it if they_______________ (know) all the risks.

5.  If Tracy doesn't buy the tickets ahead of time, she_____________ (have to) pay

more on the day of the show.

7.  Mr. and Mrs. Carson will never save money if they_______________(not / change)

their habits.

8.  If Andrea buys a new car, she_____________ (not / have) enough money for

other things.

9.  If you really______________ (want) to do it, you'll make it happen.

10.  If we______________ (not / be) in such a hurry, we would stop

and take pictures.



Notas

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Créditos

Autor: Proyecto creado por NELSY ALEYDA GARCIA LOMELI - utilizando a eduteka.org
Fecha de publicación: 2010-05-18 00:00:00
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